It pattern was a sign off borrowing, in lieu of code change

It pattern was a sign off borrowing, in lieu of code change

It pattern was a sign off borrowing, in lieu of code change

Hoberman (1989, 6-7) summarizes and you can stretches the fresh new categories away from Maclean and you may Cohen

Thomason and you will Kaufman (1988, 78-91) suggest a correlation involving the brands and you will concentration of get in touch with ranging from languages as well as the kinds of determine and this result. The types of transform which are utilized in Neo-Aramaic frequently fall very without difficulty in their classification step 3 otherwise 4, which are described as big lexical credit, and additionally minimal borrowing away from architectural issue. Which is, it items to a society which has constantly verbal Aramaic, however, whose vocabulary changed significantly less than pervading dictate off their organizations, in the place of one that possess adopted Aramaic if you’re retaining popular features of their brand-new tongue.(3)

An alternate challenge is all of our limited experience with the present day dialects in addition to their taxonomy. The only current dialect categories are the ones out-of Maclean (1895, xii-xv), Cohen (1972) and you may Hoberman (1988). The initial one or two are limited to the fresh new Christian and you will Jewish languages, respectively, and neither renders obvious the new conditions on what it’s oriented. Hoberman (1988) is an excellent examination of pronouns and pronominal affixes layer a beneficial listing of languages and you may incorporating detailed relative repair; but not, such studies assistance not all the corporation dialect groupings.

Some secrets keep back progress in this field. Towards one-hand, there are many different undocumented languages. The essential immediate task against specialists in NA try gathering messages and you may grammatical descriptions of all of the dialects which can be towards the brink out of extinction. Odisho (1988, 19-24) makes reference to the latest swift haven of earlier languages regarding the deal with from a separate koine shaped on the places from Iraq. While doing so, our information is sketchy and you will decreased for even of a lot identified languages. Lower than these criteria, Macuch ways (1990, 223), we can hardly produce a comparative sentence structure out-of NENA, and you may certainly, in the current state in our degree, instance a work would-be none over nor rewarding. Still, we should be able to throw particular white to the important questions and that i have raised from the contrasting a range of NA languages together, to another progressive languages, and to the predecessors.

I’ve picked 11 different dialects from NENA for our investigations. They might be chosen because the agencies of every of the well-defined categories of dialects now-known to united states. Among our head specifications was examining new boundaries regarding the fresh NENA unit, we’re going to are both of others modern Eastern Aramaic dialects, Turoyo and Mandaic. While doing so, we are going to leave out the fresh languages from Aramaic spoken into the Malula and you will a few almost every other Syrian towns due to the fact demonstrably also different to subscribe to it conversation.

New 11 NENA languages provided will be the after the: Hertevin (Her): So it represents brand new or even unfamiliar Religious languages out of Anatolia. This is the western-most NENA dialect, in fact it is proven to united states through the works off Jastrow (1971, 1988).

Zakho Jewish (Zakh): So it represents new Jewish dialects from north Iraq. Information arises from numerous offer, plus Sabar (1976), Meehan and you can Alon (1979), and Avinery (1988).

At least fieldwork in your neighborhood is enough to express just how many languages have previously vanished

Tisqopa (Ts): This is basically the code regarding Tel Eskof regarding the basic from Mosul and you may represents the newest Religious languages of the city, often referred to as Fellihi. Data is away from Jo Rubba (individual communications).

Jilu: This is basically the vocabulary of the region out of Jilu for the the southern area of Chicken. The text of nearby section of Gawar (progressive Yuksekova) is considered by the Maclean (1901, ix) become comparable. All the Neo-Armaic sound system leftover these types of areas when you look at the 1915. Info is off Fox (1992) and you can my personal notes.

ارسال نظر

آدرس ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد.

پیشنهاد لحظه ای برای شما